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Early Reading Assessment

Donald D. Hammill
Nils A. Pearson
Wayne P. Hresko
John J. Hoover


The ERA is a norm-referenced screening test designed to identify young children who have reading problems. The tool measures early manifestations of real reading, requisite skills that lead directly to real reading, and important non-print correlates of reading. 

Features and Benefits

  • Easy administration and scoring
  • High reliability and empirically validated
  • Can be used by classroom teachers, special educators, speech pathologists, and school psychologistsBack to the top

Scales & Forms

  • Written Word Vocabulary
  • Rapid Orthographic Naming
  • Silent Orthographic Efficiency
  • Early Reading Index
  • Phonological Awareness
  • Receptive Vocabulary
Back to the top


Author Donald D. Hammill,
Nils A. Pearson,
Wayne P. Hresko,
& John J. Hoover

Age Range 4-0 to 7-11 years

Administration Time 10–15 minutes

Administration Type Individual-completed

Qualification Level B