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Paulhus Deception Scales

Delroy L. Paulhus, Ph.D.


The Paulhus Deception Scales™ (PDS™) is a 40-item instrument that is able to identify individuals who distort their responses. It is designed to be administered concurrently with other instruments. Items are phrased in contemporary, gender-neutral language. Back to the top

Scales & Forms

  • Impression Management
  • Self-Deceptive Enhancement
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Author Delroy L. Paulhus, Ph.D.

Age Range 16 and older

Administration Time 5–7 minutes

Administration Type Self-report

Qualification Level B

Scoring Options

  • Handscored
  • Online