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Jesness Inventory–Revised

Carl F. Jesness, Ph.D.


The Jesness Inventory–Revised (JI–R) is a comprehensive, self-report measure of personality and psychopathology that is applicable to children and adolescents with more severe behavioral problems, and with whom violence potential is a concern.

Conventional scores are provided for the 11 subtypes, while classification scores are provided for the 9 personality subtypes. An Asocial Index score is also provided. Results from the JI–R provide valuable insight into the potential causes of certain behaviors. It is particularly useful when differentiating between social maladjustment and emotional disturbance.
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Scales and Forms

JI–R Technical Manual
The JI–R Technical Manual describes the components of the JI–R, including items, scales, research properties, computer software, and the JI–R classification system.

JI–R Item Booklet
The JI–R Item Booklet contains 160 items in the inventory. The Item Booklet is designed to be used with the Response Form.

The JI–R QuikScore™ Response Sheet
The JI-R QuikScore™ form is professional-completed and includes the necessary elements for scoring the instrument. The QuikScore™ forms contain special aids that make scoring of the test very quick and efficient, while minimizing potential for key errors.

JI–R Scoring Templates
The JI–R Scoring Templates are keys that are placed, one at a time, on top of the Response Form. Scale raw scores are obtained by counting the number of Xs that can be seen through the templates.


Personality Scales

  • Social Maladjustment
  • Value Orientation
  • Immaturity
  • Autism
  • Alienation
  • Asocial Index
  • Manifest Aggression
  • Withdrawal-Depression
  • Social Anxiety
  • Repression
  • Denial

Subtype Scales

  • Undersocialized, Active/Undersocialized, Aggressive
  • Undersocialized, Passive/Unsocialized, Passive
  • Conformist/Immature Conformist
  • Group-oriented/Cultural Conformist
  • Pragmatist/Manipulator
  • Autonomy-oriented/Neurotic, Acting-out
  • Introspective/Neurotic, Anxious
  • Inhibited/Situational Emotional Reaction
  • Adaptive/Cultural Identifier

DSM-IV Subscales

  • Conduct Disorder
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder


Carl F. Jesness, Ph.D.

Age Range 8 and older

Administration Time 20 to 30 minutes

Administration Type Self-report 

Qualification Level B


  • Handscored
  • Software
  • Online