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Anger Regulation and Expression Scale

Raymond DiGiuseppe, Ph.D.
Raymond Chip Tafrate, Ph.D.


The Anger Regulation and Expression Scale (ARES) is a comprehensive, self-report assessment of the expression and regulation of anger in youth. Derived from the Anger Disorder Scales (ADS; DiGiuseppe & Tafrate, 2004), the ARES has been designed specifically for children and adolescents aged 10 to 17 years, and can be used in educational, clinical and correctional settings. 

The ARES was designed to be clinically relevant in identifying specific patterns of feelings, behavior, and thinking that can be addressed in intervention programs. Results from the ARES provide both a general overview and an in-depth insight into the psychological and behavioral aspects of anger, all of which may be used to highlight important problem areas and inform appropriate interventions.

The ARES assesses tendencies towards inward and outward expressions of anger along with the range and duration of anger experiences.  The ARES includes a full-length version and a short version (ARES[S]). The full-length ARES version provides a comprehensive anger profile, and consists of 75 items which yield 25 scores that assess aspects of anger that contributes to poor functioning and maladjustment. The ARES(S), consisting of 17 items, provides information across three major domains of anger and is an effective screening tool for identifying youth with problematic anger reactions.

Scales & Forms

Internalized Anger
  • Arousal
    • Psychological Arousal
    • Cognitive Arousal
  • Rejection 
  • Anger-In 
  • Bitterness
    • Resentment
    • Suspiciousness
Externalized Anger
  • Overt Agression
    • Physical Aggression
    • Verbal Aggression
  • Covert Aggression
  • Revenge
  • Bullying
  • Impulsivity
  • Subversion
    • Relational Aggression
    • Passive Aggression
Extent of Anger
  • Scope of Triggers
  • Problem Duration
  • Episode Duration
To download a .pdf version of the ARES info sheet, click here. Back to the top


DiGiuseppe, Ph.D.
& Raymond Chip
Tafrate, Ph.D.

Age Range 10 to 17 years

Administration Time Short: 5 minutes
Long: 15 minutes

Administration Type

Qualification Level B


  • Paper-and-Pencil (administration only)
  • Online
  • Software (scoring only)  - View Requirements