The Devereux Early Childhood Assessment Clinical Form™

Paul A. LeBuffe, M.A.
Jack A. Naglieri, Ph.D.


DECA-C was designed to support early intervention efforts to reduce and/or eliminate significant emotional and behavioral concerns in preschoolers, between the ages of 2 and 6. The DECA-C assesses both social-emotional strengths (protective factors) and behavioral concerns.

The DECA-C can be used to:

  • Guide interventions
  • Identify children needing special services
  • Assess outcomes
  • Help programs meet the requirements of Head Start and Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 2004 (IDEA 2004)
How to Use the Asssessment
The The DECA-C provides a wealth of information with only 62 items. This tool takes 15 minutes for a teacher or parent to complete. Scoring is made simple by a user-friendly record form that provides results in both graph and written form.

DECA-C includes three Protective Factor Scales (Initiative, Self-control, and Attachment), in addition to four Behavioral Concerns Scales (Attention Problems, Aggression, Withdrawal/ Depression, Emotional Control Problems). The DECA-C can be completed by both teachers and parents, but must be interpreted by a behavioral healthcare or special education professional.

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Scales & Forms

  • Initiative
  • Self-Control
  • Attachment
  • Attention Problems
  • Aggression
  • Withdrawal/Depression
  • Emotional Control Problems


Paul A. LeBuffe, M.A.,
Jack A. Naglieri, Ph.D

Age Range 2 to 6 years

Administration Time 15 minutes

Administration Type
  • Parent-completed
  • Teacher-completed
Qualification Level C



Conners EC™