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Comprehensive Trail-Making Test

Cecil R. Reynolds, Ph.D.


The CTMT primarily assesses the effects of brain injury and other forms of central nervous system compromise. It also detects frontal lobe deficits; problems with psychomotor speed, visual search, sequencing, and attention; and impairments in set shifting.

How to Use the Assessment
The CTMT is a set of five visual search and sequencing tasks that focus on attention, concentration, resistance to distraction, and cognitive flexibility (or set-shifting). Suitable for individuals between the ages of 11 and 74, it takes 5 to 12 minutes to complete. Scores are quickly calculated and converted to T-scores and percentile ranks.
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Scales & Forms

  • Brain Injury
  • Frontal Lobe Deficits
  • Impairments in Set Shifting
  • Visual Impairments
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Authors Cecil R. Reynolds, Ph.D.

Age Range 11–74 years old

Administration Time 90–180 minutes

Administration Type  Individually-completed

Qualification Level B

  • Handscored